111 S. Ninth Street – Virginia Building – National Register 2002

The Virginia Building at 111 S. Ninth St. was built in 1911 and named to both the National Register of Historic Places and the Columbia Historic Preservation Commission’s Notable Properties list in 2002.

But the building could have just as easily been named the Columbia Commerce Club Building — or later the Montgomery Ward Building.

111 s ninth st virginia building courtesy of the Historical Preservation Commission and FitzImages Photography
111 S. Ninth St., the Virginia Building, photo courtesy of the Historical Preservation Commission and FitzImages Photography

The name, instead, hails from a surprising source. The company formed to develop this formerly residential lot into a commercial site “consisted of Sanford Conley Hunt, Sanford F. Conley, J. Alex Hudson, and T.C. Hall,” according to the NRHP nomination.

Still don’t notice the name Virginia?

Hunt had the strongest association with the building, the document continues, it was named after his daughter Mrs. Virginia Robinson, “and he and his family retained ownership of it into the 1960s.”

But why could the name of the building just as easily have been the Commercial Club Building?

During the 1900s, Commercial Clubs and Chambers of Commerce were sprouting up throughout the nation. Three of the original building investors were founding members of the Columbia Commercial Club.

The club, formed in 1906, which changed its name in 1927 to the Columbia Chamber of Commerce, was credited with “advancing commercial and civic interests in Columbia,” such as paved streets, electric lighting in downtown Columbia, the construction of the municipal water and light plant and the new county courthouse. The club also is credited in 1918 by the Columbia Missourian with ensuring the then new cross-state highway came through Columbia, following the Old Trails Road. That highway today is Interstate 70.

“Other notable Club achievements in the first decades of the 20th century included getting downtown railroad stations built for the MKT and Wabash Railroads, and promoting the construction of a new county courthouse and a large new downtown hotel… The hotel, which opened in 1917 as the Daniel Boone Tavern, remained in operation until the 1970s, and the building is now the headquarters for the City of Columbia,” notes the NRHP nomination form.

The Club also rented space in the building for years.

Yet, the building could have had its name changed to the Montgomery Ward Building.

In 1928, Montgomery Ward opens one of its first retail stores — and the first in Missouri — in the Virginia Building. The first Wards store opened in 1926 in Kansas, the document states. The company had been conducting a thriving mail-order business 1972. Ward has been credited with starting the mail 0rder catalog business. Such businesses were popular with rural residents who could not travel to urban areas to shop. But by the 1920s, improved roads and automobiles were making rural shoppers more mobile, threatening the mail-order business. Eventually, the Ward company developed plans for retail store fronts.

“The Wards store was one of the most prominent downtown department stores ever to operate in Columbia,” the form notes.

However, in 1961, the Wards store moved to a new location. The then owner, Hunt’s daughter Mary Francis Hunt had been looking for a new tenant and declined an offer from Macy’s in Kansas City.

In the 1960s, Strollway Investors remodeled the building, basically slip covering it with a metal covering to make it look more modern.

In 2000-2001, the building was remodeled and today, it looks much like it did when the Columbia Commerce Club held meetings there.

And we all know it as the Virginia Building.

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